Man / Machine, The man / machine series

Artificial selves and artificial moods (Man / Machine IX)

Philosopher Galen Strawson challenges the idea that we have a cohesive, narrative self that lives in a structurally robust setting, and suggests that for many, the self will be episodic at best and that there is no real experience of self at all. The discussion of the self – from a stream of moments to a story to deep identity – is relevant in any discussion of artificial general intelligence for a couple of different reasons. The perhaps most important one is that if we want to create something that is intelligent, or perhaps even conscious, we need to understand what in our human experiences constitutes a flaw or a design inefficiency, and what actually is a necessary feature. It is easy to suspect that a strong, narrative and cohesive self would be an advantage – and that we should aim to achieve that if we recreate man in machine. That, however, underestimates the value of change. If our self is fragmented, scattered and episodic it has the ability to navigate a highly complex reality much better. A narrative self would have to spend a lot of energy integrating experiences and events into a schema in order to understand itself. An episodic and fragmented self just needs to build islands of self-understanding, and these don’t even need to be coherent with each-other. A narrative self would also be very brittle, unable to cope with changes that challenge the key elements and conflicts in the narrative governing self-understanding. Our selves seem…

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